AskDefine | Define strap

Dictionary Definition

strap

Noun

1 an elongated leather strip (or or strip of similar material) for binding things together or holding something in position
2 hanger consisting of a loop of leather suspended from the ceiling of a bus or train; passengers hold onto it
3 a band that goes over the shoulder and supports a garment or bag [syn: shoulder strap]
4 whip consisting of a strip of leather used in flogging

Verb

1 tie with a strap [ant: unstrap]
2 beat severely with a whip or rod; "The teacher often flogged the students"; "The children were severely trounced" [syn: flog, welt, whip, lather, lash, slash, trounce]
3 sharpen with a strap; "strap a razor"
4 secure (a sprained joint) with a strap [also: strapping, strapped]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • /stræp/
    Rhymes with: -æp

Etymology

From a variant of strope, from estrop, from stroppus, from στρόφος, from στρέφω.

Noun

  1. A long, narrow, pliable strip of leather, cloth, or the like.
    • Specifically, a strip of thick leather used in flogging.
      A lively cobbler that . . . had scarce passed a day without giving her (his wife) the discipline of the strap. --Addison.
  2. Something made of such a strip, or of a part of one, or a combination of two or more for a particular use.
  3. A piece of leather, or strip of wood covered with a suitable material, for sharpening a razor; a strop.
  4. A narrow strip of anything, as of iron or brass. Specifically:
    • In the context of "carpentry|machinery": A band, plate, or loop of metal for clasping and holding timbers or parts of a machine.
    • A piece of rope or metal passing around a block and used for fastening it to anything.
  5. The flat part of the corolla in ligulate florets, as those of the white circle in the daisy.
  6. The leaf, exclusive of its sheath, in some grasses.
  7. A shoulder strap, see under shoulder.
  8. A gun, normally a personal firearm such as a pistol or machine pistol.

Translations

a long, narrow, pliable strip of leather, cloth, or the like
specifically, a strip of thick leather used in flogging
something made of such a strip, or of a part of one, or a combination of two or more for a particular use
  • Portuguese: tira(s)
a piece of leather, or strip of wood covered with a suitable material, for sharpening a razor; a strop
a narrow strip of anything, as of iron or brass
carpentry: a band, plate, or loop of metal for clasping and holding timbers or parts of a machine.
  • Portuguese: tira (de metal)
nautical: a piece of rope or metal passing around a block and used for fastening it to anything
botany: the flat part of the corolla in ligulate florets, as those of the white circle in the daisy
botany: The leaf, exclusive of its sheath, in some grasses
a shoulder strap
slang: a gun, normally a personal firearm such as a pistol or machine pistol

Verb

  1. To beat or chastise with a strap.
  2. To fasten or bind with a strap.
  3. To sharpen by rubbing on a strap, or strop; as, to strap a razor.

Translations

to beat or chastise with a strap
to fasten or bind with a strap
to sharpen by rubbing on a strap, or strop; as, to strap a razor

Extensive Definition

A strap, sometimes also called strop, is an elongated flap or ribbon, usually of fabric or leather.
Thin straps are used as part of clothing or baggage, or bedding such as a sleeping bag. See for example spaghetti strap, shoulder strap. A strap differs from a belt mainly in that a strap is usually integral to the item of clothing; either can be used in combination with buckles.
Straps are also used as fasteners to attach and bind items, to objects, animals (for example a saddle on a horse) and people, or even to tie down people and animals, as on an apparatus for corporal punishment. Occasionally a strap is specified after what it binds or holds, e.g. chin strap.

Word origin

"Strop" is the older form of strap, recorded since 1357 as loop or strap on a harness; strap appeared only since 1620 as a Scottish and/or nautical variant of 'strope.' The word "strop" probably derives from the Old French estrop, itself from the Latin stroppus "strap, band," perhaps from Etruscan, ultimately from Greek strophos "twisted band," from strephein "to turn".

External links

strap in Czech: Strop
strap in Dutch: Strop
strap in Japanese: ストラップ
strap in Polish: Rzemień

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Mystik tape, Scotch tape, aculeate, acuminate, adhesive tape, anchor, band, bandage, barb, baste, bastinado, bathe, batten, beat, belabor, belt, bend, bind, bind up, birch, blacksnake, brace, bridle, buffet, bullwhack, bullwhip, bundle, call, cane, care for, cat, cellophane tape, chain, cinch, cloth tape, club, cowhide, crop, cudgel, cure, cuspidate, cut, diagnose, do up, doctor, drub, edge, enchain, entrammel, fascia, fasten, fetter, file, fillet, flagellate, flagellum, flail, flog, flux, friction tape, fustigate, gird, girdle, girt, girth, give a whipping, give care to, give the stick, grind, gyve, hamper, handcuff, heal, hobble, hog-tie, hone, hopple, horsewhip, knout, kurbash, lace, lash, lath, lay on, leash, ligula, ligule, list, make fast, manacle, masking tape, massage, minister to, moor, nurse, oilstone, operate on, option, peg down, physic, picket, pin down, pinion, pistol-whip, plank, plaster, plastic tape, point, pommel, poultice, pummel, purge, put, put and call, put in irons, quirt, rawhide, razor strap, remedy, reset, restrain, ribband, ribbon, right, rope, rub, scourge, secure, set, shackle, sharpen, shred, sjambok, slat, slip, smite, spank, spiculate, spill, splice, spline, splint, spread, spur, stock option, straddle, straitjacket, strake, strip, stripe, strop, swaddle, swathe, swinge, switch, taenia, tape, tape measure, tapeline, taper, tether, thong, thrash, thump, ticker tape, tie, tie down, tie up, trammel, treat, trounce, truncheon, truss, wallop, whale, whet, whip, whiplash, whop, wire, wrap, wrap up
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